Peer-to-peer is a communication model in which there is no central server- decentralized communication model.
In such a communication system, every node connected by P2P functions both as a client and a server. Each party can initiate a communication session. P2P server allows users to share data without depending on a central server like in a client-server model. P2P systems are therefore used for media sharing. It can be used to provide anonymized routing of network traffic, large parallel computing settings, distributed storage functions, etc.
How Peer-to-peer Networks Work
When you want to download a file from the internet, you search for the website and the website gives you the link to download the file. In this case, the website acts as a server and your computer acts as a client. The server provides the data and the client receives it. This is in the case of a server-client networking model, in a Peer-To-Peer communication model, and this function executes differently.
To download a file using Peer-To-Peer networking, you have to download the software on your computer. This software creates a virtual network of other computers having the software. To obtain a particular file, the Peer-To-Peer network collects the file in bits from the other connected systems which already have the file. Similarly, the files you have will be used in bits when any other user is looking for it. This can be imagined as a two-way street passing of data. The file transfer load is shared between the peer computers.
In a Peer-To-Peer architecture, each computer has the same responsibilities and capabilities. There is no central server. The computers connect to share files, devices, and access to the internet. This type of networking model is practical for small groups of systems. It is ideal for home or small workplace environments where each computer can act as an independent workstation.
Advantages Of P2P
- The Peer-To-Peer communication system eliminates the need for a central server. This eliminates the need to buy an expensive server.
- Peer-To-Peer networking gives every connected user the same responsibilities. Each one manages their computer without requiring the permission of a network manager.
- Every system in the network will have the same permissions. This is ideal for small workplaces and domestic setups. In small workplaces, a P2P network can be set up for around 12 computers. These computers can be connected to devices like printers, disk drives, DVD players, etc. each system can give its command to print something or use the other devices without having to transfer it to a central system and then printing it.
- The Peer-To-Peer network has less network traffic than a client-server network. This is because each system acts individually. In a client-server network, when there is a load of commands on the central server, it leads to network jam.
Potential Future Applications Of Peer-To-Peer Networking
P2P in search engines
The search engines we use now are client server-based. When you type something in the search bar as a client, the server gives you information regarding the P2P search, each connection in the network serves its local index as a source of search. When you look for something on a P2P search engine, the information will be collected in bits from all the servers. The difficulty in this the selection of good servers to provide satisfactory results.
P2P in audio and video casting
A P2P approach for audio and video casting would also work along the same lines. Different bits and copies of a file will be held in different servers across the world and would be served from multiple points to users. The challenge here again would be the quality.
Mobile applications of P2P
P2P network can be used for custom mobile application development. Mobile application development using Peer-To-Peer networking has a huge potential when wireless network-enabled mobile phones become more popular.
The mobile P2P application may be used for various functions like instant messaging, file sharing, IP telephony, etc. Custom mobile application development using a P2P network can be used to develop apps for file sharing, to play networked games. The best android application development companies can make a transition to P2P networking for superlative results.
P2P in E-commerce
E-commerce services are one of the most popular services on the internet. Most of the trading platforms are centralized. Such a platform allows consumers to trade, buy or sell their goods. However, in such a centralized system, there is always a possibility of the central system failure. When the central system fails or gets busy due to traffic, the trade is interrupted. P2P enabled e-commerce can eliminate the need for a centralized system and hence can lessen the possibility of failure.
Blockchain App Development
The concept of blockchain app development services was first introduced in October 2008 as a part of the proposal for Bitcoin. Bitcoin was a concept of cryptocurrency to create Peer-To-Peer money without banks. A Peer-To-Peer network is a very important part of how blockchain technology works. The blockchain application development company is very solid and secure because of the P2P network.
P2P allows multi-point server functions eliminating a central point of storage. No central point of storage means there is no need for a dominant authority. Every single part connected in the network can control and use the network to push its agenda. Here, the user becomes the true owner of their data. P2P network for e-commerce and online payments creates a network where the owner of the data is the user.
The users uphold the data and do not allow the company to access or freeze your funds whenever they see fit. The server-client networks for online transfer of funds are usually not trusted by people. Therefore, the blockchain application development company came up with this novel solution to human distrust.
The blockchain application development services allow us to trust the outputs of the system without trusting any actor within it. People and institutions who live in different parts of the country and do not know each other are subjected to different jurisdictions. People who have no legally binding agreements with each other can interact over the internet without the need of a third party whom they don’t trust. They need not wait for the authorization of banks or other clearing institutions for the transfer of their funds.